The golden rules for playground supervision are
assign adults to supervise each field of vision outdoors at break times
assign at least one adult to every 4,000 square metres
concentrate on high-risk areas (playground equipment and rough surfaces)
train supervisors to be alert, mobile and to prevent incidents
equip supervisors with high visibility vests and minor injury packs
train supervisors to respond to, follow up and record student complaints
have a system to gain assistance with incidents requiring extra help.
There is one golden rule for classroom supervision: Never leave students unsupervised by a responsible and competent adult.
Excursion or field trip supervision
Mostly, the ratio is one adult for every ten students, with a minimum of two adults.
For excursions that include outdoor adventure, such as hiking or canoeing, the ratio is one trained adult for every five students.
For students with limited abilities, such as cerebral palsy, the ratio is one adult for each such student.
To download an excursion risk assessment example, select the link below.